Awards

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Study of Neurophysiology in Childhood Concussion (SONICC)

Dr. Julia Schmidt’s research investigates the neurophysiology of concussion (mild traumatic brain injury) in children and youth. Dr. Schmidt spent over 10 years as a clinician in brain injury rehabilitation (Australia and Canada) prior to engaging in research training in Australia. She seeks to better understand injuries in order to more effectively determine rehabilitation strategies.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Movement strategies for transferring without falling in older people

Falls are the leading cause of injury-related hospitalizations among seniors and a major cause of disability and death. About 30 percent of people over age 65, and 50 percent of older people in residential care, experience at least one fall per year.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Identifying prodromal signs of multiple sclerosis: a multi-centre approach

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative disease for which there is no known cure. It is among the most common causes of neurological disability in young adults in the Western world and affects approximately 2.3 million people worldwide, including an estimated 75,000 Canadians.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

The Effect of Psychosocial Stressors on Health Behaviours and Indicators of Cardiometabolic Risk in the Transition to Young Adulthood

Adolescence and young adulthood are critical periods for health promotion and disease prevention. Cardiometabolic risk (CMR) refers to a set of indicators that increase an individual’s risk for diabetes, heart disease or stroke. These indicators start to show predictive variability in adolescence and identification and implementation of early strategies for risk management can have significant long-term health benefits.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

‘APP’lying Supportive Movement: Trauma-Informed and Culturally Safe Physical Activity Programming for Young Pregnant and Parenting Women Marginalized by Poverty, Racism, and Trauma

Physical activity has been found to have numerous physical, emotional and psychological benefits, particularly for young pregnant/lone parenting women (YP/LP). Unfortunately, physical activity declines through adolescence, and women who are marginalized by poverty and racism have lower levels of leisure time.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Understanding the evolution of expectant and new parents’ beliefs and behaviours about pediatric vaccination in British Columbia

Vaccines are the most effective way to prevent many communicable diseases, yet immunization rates in British Columbia are below the level required to mitigate outbreaks of infectious diseases. This can be partly explained by some parents’ doubts and concerns about pediatric vaccinations, termed “vaccine hesitancy”.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Evidence-informed decision making in cancer survivorship: evaluating a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary prostate cancer supportive care program

Approximately 24,000 Canadian men were diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2015, and the majority of them will face long-term treatment-related health effects that will impact their quality of life, and have significant cost implications for our health system. Examples of these effects include sexual, urinary and bowel dysfunctions, as well as depression, anxiety and other psychological or psychosocial problems.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Exploring the factors that influence implementation of mifepristone abortion practice in Canada: The CART-Mife Study

Approximately one-third of Canadian women will have an abortion in their lifetime. About 100,000 occur annually, of which 96 percent are provided using surgery. Mifepristone, the gold standard for medical abortion, was recently approved by Health Canada with availability anticipated in 2016. Mifepristone abortion delivered in primary care settings has been shown to be safe, effective, and not to increase abortion rates.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Development and Validation of the Patient Engagement In Research Scale (PEIRS)

Patient engagement in research occurs when patients meaningfully and actively take part in the conduct and decision-making at any stage of the research process from inception through impact evaluation. There is a paucity of validated measurement tools to evaluate whether interventions to improve patient engagement in research support their successful engagement.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Improving health equity through cross-cultural collaboration: Learning from Indigenous-developed programs to strengthen public health systems in preventing the harms of substance use in BC

A function of public health systems and services is to reduce health inequities. The harms of substance use impact British Columbians differently based on their social position and access to resources. Over the last decade, BC has had renewed interest in health equity as demonstrated by several key policy documents.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Neural correlates of symptom provocation in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric illness that has a 1-4 percent prevalence rate in children and youth. OCD is characterized by intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviours, and although treatments, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), are available, better treatment selection could improve response rates.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Strategies to Promote Mobility and Physical Activity in Older Men in Assisted Living

Older men in assisted living spend up to 90 percent of their time in sedentary behavior. This lack of physical activity makes them more vulnerable to mobility-disability. Currently, 40 percent of Canadian men over the age of 75 already present some degree of mobility-disability. Mobility limitations lead to frailty, falls, and placement into higher levels of care.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Changing cognitions to change behaviour change: Reframing biased thinking to improve exercise adherence in individuals with prediabetes

Pre-diabetic individuals exercise less than their non-diabetic counterparts, with less than 15 percent meeting Canada’s physical activity guidelines. Behaviour change techniques (BCTs) such as self-monitoring and provision of goal feedback are key components of interventions for cardiovascular risk factor reduction.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Open MRI for assessing joint biomechanics - applications for osteoarthritis

Hip osteoarthritis is prevalent, disabling and costly to individuals and the healthcare system. Symptomatic hip osteoarthritis affects 4.2 percent of people over 50, and radiographic degenerative changes are seen in almost 20 percent of the same population. In many patients, total hip arthroplasty is used to relieve pain and improve function.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Advances in the treatment of sexual dysfunction in men: Applications for mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

One in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. Advances in prostate cancer treatments mean that the number of prostate cancer survivors is higher than ever; however, prostate cancer treatments come with side effects, many of which are life-long.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Neurally-produced estradiol enhances the neuroprotective actions of insulin

Alzheimer’s disease is a debilitating disorder that is on the rise in British Columbia's aging population. A growing pool of evidence suggests that Alzheimer's disease may involve insulin, a hormone whose activity in the pancreas is linked with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Insufficient action of insulin in the brain can be a cause of Alzheimer's disease, which is increasingly being called "type 3 diabetes" because of this.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Does Diesel Exhaust Exposure Alter Epigenetic Signatures in Individuals with Specific Allergies? A Translational Study to Understand the Role of Particulate Matter.

Asthma is a chronic lung disease affecting more than 2.8 million Canadians. It is estimated that numbers may rise to 400 million globally by 2025, substantially increasing both human and financial costs.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Identifying and correcting for chronic circadian misalignment in Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Unfortunately, there are no effective treatments for this devastating disease. The Alzheimer’s Society estimates that without new treatments, 1.4 million Canadians will be living with dementia by 2031.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Panx1 in swelling-induced neuronal death

Brain swelling is a major cause of death following insults such as stroke and traumatic brain injury. This condition is often caused by an underlying swelling of neurons in the brain, leading to cell death. We currently have limited capacity to replace these neurons, and therefore must find ways to reduce swelling-induced cell death.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

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