Characterizing the Psychological and Social Predictors of Increased Preventive Service Use

In the next 20 years, the percentage of adults aged ≥65 in Canada is projected to increase by nearly 60%, and among all Provinces British Columbia is aging the fastest. As our population ages, identifying factors that foster healthy aging is crucial for improving the health of older adults, and containing healthcare costs. One way to cultivate healthy aging is by increasing preventive service use (e.g., flu shots, screening for chronic conditions). Yet, <50% of  adults aged ≥65 are up-to-date with them.

Thus, a central challenge is to identify modifiable factors that increase their use. The objective of this proposal is to identify key psychosocial well-being factors that are associated with increased preventive service use and begin piloting interventions. Building on prior work, the central hypothesis is that several hypothesized psychosocial well-being factors are associated with increased use of preventive services.

Regarding outcomes, this research is expected to have knowledge translation value as study results will identify psychosocial factors that might emerge as novel targets for interventions aiming to increase preventive service use; further, we will pilot test scalable interventions that target identified factors.