Along with the completion of the Human Genome Project have come new insights and tools to understand complex gene interactions. Dr. Louis Lefebvre’s work focuses on genomic imprinting, an inheritance process that works counter to the traditional genetic rules. Genes are inherited in two copies – one from the father and one from the mother. Usually, the outcome in the offspring will depend on whether genes are dominant or recessive. With certain genes, however, the inheritance is parent-of-origin-specific: the gene will always be inherited by either the mother or father, with the corresponding gene from the other parent maintained in a silent state. This type of inheritance is thought to be especially important for the development of the embryo and in adult tissues. Defects in imprinting are associated with a variety of disease syndromes. Dr. Lefebvre is studying the mechanisms of genomic imprinting. He hopes to identify new genes required for normal development and better understand the origins and causes of human syndromes that are associated with abnormal imprinting.