With the increasing prevalence of viral pathogens as exemplified by COVID-19, reliable and inexpensive detection is of increasing importance. Rapid testing allows appropriate and immediate treatment, which can have a profound effect on the treatment outcome. Early on-site detection is also greatly beneficial for hospitals and clinics since it would allow patients to be rapidly screened before entering the system.
Viruses and bacteria contain unique RNA fingerprints that can be used to identify their exact species. Recently, we have developed RNA Mango technology that can specifically and rapidly detect extremely low levels of RNA and that outcompetes the previous standard for RNA-based pathogen detection (RT-PCR) in terms of speed, while maintaining sensitivity. A limitation of our current technology is that it is not yet as reliable as it needs to be, since it is lacking controls for reaction failure — an important aspect for pathogenic detection and identification. In this application, we will further develop our RNA-detection technology into a rapid, multichannel, colour-based test that will allow us to quickly and reliably detect and identify multiple pathogens and expand its commercial in vivo applications.