Clinical

Precise prescription of rTMS for treatment resistant depression

Dr. Vila-Rodriguez's research will work towards improving diagnostic accuracy and treatment outcomes in persons suffering treatment-resistant depression (TRD). By incorporating neurophysiological-based biomarkers (NPBs) into clinical practice, treatment response can be more easily predicted, preventing relapse in patients with major depressive disorder.

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Year: 
2017
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Optimizing lifestyle approaches for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes

The rising incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) puts financial stress on health care systems in British Columbia and across the world. Lifestyle interventions can improve cardiometabolic health to prevent or treat T2D, but optimal lifestyle strategies (e.g. exercise intensity, type, timing; diet composition) are not well-defined and adherence is notoriously poor.

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Year: 
2017
Health Category: 

Breaking the link between obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease using a translational experimental approach

Previous research by Dr. Foster has illustrated that angiotensin receptor blockade can abolish the blood pressure response to intermittent hypoxia (IH), reduce oxidative stress and increase nitric oxide bioavailability. In addition, recent work suggests heightened peripheral neurovascular transduction in response to baroreflex activation.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2017

Cardiovascular genetics: Phenotypes, genotypes and cellular mechanisms

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death of Canadians, and is strongly influenced by genetic factors. Integrating basic biomedical research into how specific gene variants influence the function of cardiac cells, with clinical research of patients and families with early onset CVD, will lead to important advances in translating the results of genetics research to improved care for patients and families with CVD.

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Award Type: 
Year: 
2017
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Understanding a potentially common upper airway disorder: Empty nose syndrome

Empty Nose Syndrome (ENS) is thought to be an unusual outcome of sinus surgery due to excessive loss of nasal tissues, particularly from a pair of structures called the inferior turbinates. Turbinates usually function to warm and humidify air flowing into the nose. Patients with ENS often have severe nasal symptoms and develop very poor quality of life as well as mental health problems. As a result of these mixed symptoms, ENS patients are often misdiagnosed, mismanaged, and left to their own devices.

Primary Investigator: 
Year: 
2017
Health Category: 

Understanding the aging HIV lung from dysbiosis to cell injury

Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are now living to older ages thanks to effective anti-HIV medicines. Despite these gains, many of them suffer from chronic lung disease that greatly impacts their ability to carry out their daily activities and impairs their quality of life. The type of lung disease they face is similar to what longtime smokers develop, a progressive narrowing of the airways and destruction of the lung. However, in HIV, the process appears to be accelerated and more severe.

Primary Investigator: 
Year: 
2017
Health Category: 

Towards individualized treatment for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)

Pancreatic cancer kills almost 5,000 Canadians each year and if progress is not made to improve outcomes, the annual number of deaths will double by 2030. In 80% of patients, the cancer has spread at the time of diagnosis, and is not operable. Most of these patients die within one year due to the lack of effective therapies and the fact that clinicians have no clear guidance on which existing treatment option would work best for individual patients.

Primary Investigator: 
Year: 
2017

Implementing concussion return to activity guidelines in primary care

Throughout the history of medicine, patients who had a disease that was poorly understood were advised to rest. As scientists and doctors learned more, early mobilization and active therapies (e.g., exercise) gradually replaced rest as the conventional treatment for a variety of medical conditions, such as chronic fatigue, whiplash, stroke, low back pain, and cardiac arrest. We have now reached this same juncture for concussion care. The proposed project aims to figure out how to support doctors in implementing new science-informed return to activity guidelines for concussion.

Primary Investigator: 
Year: 
2017

BCaLM research program: A safe & effective lyophilized fecal microbiota transplantation program for chronic gut disorders

Many Canadians live with debilitating chronic gut disorders such as Crohn's or ulcerative colitis (also known as inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD), Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), or both. These disorders lead to increased morbidity and reduce quality of life and productivity for patients and their families. One in every 150 Canadians has IBD, which is the highest rate worldwide. CDI is the number one cause of health care-associated infection (HAI) in Canada, and associated costs are approximately $300 million per year.

Primary Investigator: 
Year: 
2017

Movement strategies for transferring without falling in older people

Falls are the leading cause of injury-related hospitalizations among seniors and a major cause of disability and death. About 30 percent of people over age 65, and 50 percent of older people in residential care, experience at least one fall per year.

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Year: 
2016

Neural correlates of symptom provocation in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric illness that has a 1-4 percent prevalence rate in children and youth. OCD is characterized by intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviours, and although treatments, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), are available, better treatment selection could improve response rates.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Strategies to Promote Mobility and Physical Activity in Older Men in Assisted Living

Older men in assisted living spend up to 90 percent of their time in sedentary behavior. This lack of physical activity makes them more vulnerable to mobility-disability. Currently, 40 percent of Canadian men over the age of 75 already present some degree of mobility-disability. Mobility limitations lead to frailty, falls, and placement into higher levels of care.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Changing cognitions to change behaviour change: Reframing biased thinking to improve exercise adherence in individuals with prediabetes

Pre-diabetic individuals exercise less than their non-diabetic counterparts, with less than 15 percent meeting Canada’s physical activity guidelines. Behaviour change techniques (BCTs) such as self-monitoring and provision of goal feedback are key components of interventions for cardiovascular risk factor reduction.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Open MRI for assessing joint biomechanics - applications for osteoarthritis

Hip osteoarthritis is prevalent, disabling and costly to individuals and the healthcare system. Symptomatic hip osteoarthritis affects 4.2 percent of people over 50, and radiographic degenerative changes are seen in almost 20 percent of the same population. In many patients, total hip arthroplasty is used to relieve pain and improve function.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

Advances in the treatment of sexual dysfunction in men: Applications for mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

One in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. Advances in prostate cancer treatments mean that the number of prostate cancer survivors is higher than ever; however, prostate cancer treatments come with side effects, many of which are life-long.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2016

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