Women's Health

Developing and disseminating an interactive menstruation (info)graphic (I'M IN)

Co-leads:

  • Caroline Sanders
    University of Northern British Columbia
  • Joanne Hall
    Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia – Living with CAH Support Group, UK

Trainee:

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2018
Health Category: 

Improving maternal and perinatal health outcomes in high risk mothers

Among women who give birth in industrialized countries maternal age, obesity, twin or triplet pregnancy, and presence of chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension continue to increase. For example, 34% of mothers in Canada today are overweight or obese, and approximately 20% of births are to women over 34 years. These demographic trends highlight the need for increasingly complex obstetric care with careful prenatal monitoring and timely obstetric intervention if necessary. 

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2017
Health Category: 

Women taking charge of changing childbirth in BC

Childbearing women in Canada are speaking out about their desire for respectful maternity care. The Vancouver Foundation funded Phase 1 of our provincial, community-led participatory action research project entitled "Changing Childbirth in BC: Women exploring access to high quality maternity care". A steering group of women from different cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds worked with researchers and community agencies to study access to preferred models of maternity care and experiences of autonomy, respect, discrimination, or coercion when participating in a decision-making process.

Primary Investigator: 
Year: 
2017

Unique contributors to caregiver well-being across neurodegenerative diseases that present with dementia

Five million new cases of dementia are diagnosed every year worldwide. These diagnoses disrupt home environment patterns and relationships and cause  repercussions on families. Accordingly, dementia caregivers experience higher stress than other groups and face diverse care demands. Existing literature suggests dementia presentation may impart different caregiver challenges: cognition in Alzheimer’s disease (AD); delusions in Dementia with Lewy Body (DLB); and neuropsychiatry in Parkinson’s disease associated dementia (PDD).

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2013

Placental proteomics: Gaining a system-wide understanding of the dynamic protease networks in normal placental tissue and upon inflammation to identify diagnostic signatures as biomarkers for preterm labor

Preterm birth affects approximately 12 percent of all deliveries. Prematurity is the leading cause of neo-natal mortality in Canada and is a major risk factor for impaired growth and development. There is a pressing need for tests to predict the risk of premature delivery accurately enough to provide the best treatment to prevent pre-term delivery and avoid unnecessary interventions.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2013
Health Category: 

Practice experiences of rural GP surgeons in British Columbia

The recruitment and retention of health care professionals is one of the most pressing challenges currently facing the Canadian health care system. In rural communities, the number of obstetricians and general surgeons is diminishing for a number of reasons, including difficulties in recruitment, an aging workforce, resistance to a demanding call schedule, and an increase in sub-specialization resulting in fewer ‘general’ surgeons. In some rural communities, maternity care is provided by general surgeons with enhanced obstetrical skills.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2007

The dynamic interplay between women's stress and reproductive axes across reproductive transitions: post-partum amenorrhea, the resumption of ovarian cyclicity and early pregnancy

Stress is often cited as having negative effects on women’s health. Most research, however, does not adequately account for the changes in stress physiology women experience as they transition between key reproductive phases (post-partum amenorrhea, resumption of ovarian cyclicity, and pregnancy). Reproductive function is modulated by the HPG (hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal) axis, while stress response is controlled by the HPA (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal) axis. These two axes overlap and interact in manner a that affects both reproductive function and stress.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2012
Health Category: 

Family planning health services research

Unplanned pregnancy is a problem in BC, especially among vulnerable populations who face stark economic, education-related, and work consequences. Women in BC spend almost 30 years trying to avoid pregnancy, compared with an average of less than three years spent pregnant or trying to conceive. Current surveys indicate that few women use highly effective contraception methods. Half of all pregnancies are unplanned and almost a third of BC women have an abortion. BC has Canada’s second highest abortion rate, and without the recent rate declines seen nationally.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2012
Health Category: 

Socioeconomic status as a predictor of prenatal mental health, use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors during pregnancy, and infant outcomes

During pregnancy, approximately 15 per cent of women experience depression requiring medical intervention. Although these conditions are often treated with Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SRI) antidepressants, these drugs are reported to increase the risks of adverse infant outcomes, including preterm birth, small for gestational age (SGA) birth, respiratory distress, and some congenital heart malformations.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2011
Health Category: 

Visual-spatial attention and falls risk in seniors: Do fallers show impairments in reflexive orienting?

Seniors who fall and sustain injuries or worse, injury-related deaths, represent a major health concern. Approximately one-third of seniors over the age of 65 experience one or more falls per year, 20 percent of which require medical attention. In Canada, falls result in over $2.4 billion annually in direct health care costs. A growing body of research suggests that cognitive factors, such as visual-spatial attention, play a major role in a person's risk for falling.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2009
Health Category: 

Sex differences in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction or chest pain without angiographic evidence of coronary disease

Although heart disease is a leading cause of death for men and women, sex/gender differences in the disease have only recently received attention. Evidence suggests there are sex/gender differences relating to prevalence, presentation, diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of heart disease, but little is known about the underlying causes. An emerging area of interest is the fact the magnitude of the sex/gender difference in outcomes following a heart attack (favoring men) is much greater among younger women and men than among older patients.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2008
Health Category: 

Building the Evidence-base to Support Rural Maternity Health Services Policy and Planning

Dr. Stefan Grzybowski is a family physician clinical investigator and co director of the Centre for Rural Health Research within the Vancouver Coastal health Research institute. He is co-Principal Investigator of the Rural Maternity New Emerging Team, funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and also co directs the British Columbia Rural and Remote Health Research Network, a Health of Population Network funded by the Michael Smith foundation. Prior to moving to Vancouver in 1994, Dr.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2008

Neighborhood Social Capital and Population Health: Exploring Community Resources and Access

Recently, the concept of community social capital – the extent and quality of community social ties – is receiving a great deal of interest from population health researchers and policymakers. This interest stems from efforts to understand relationships between the social and economic conditions of communities and the health and well-being of the people who live in these communities. Research on social capital to date has been focused primarily on the extent of social ties and interpersonal trust in communities.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2007
Health Category: 

Women’s Health Research Network

While issues related to the health of women and girls are investigated by researchers across many disciplines and areas, the Women’s Health Research Network (WHRN) is specifically dedicated to expanding focussed women’s health research that will increase the understanding of and capacity for sex and gender-based analyses and for integrating women’s health concerns into other areas of health research.

Year: 
2005
Health Category: 

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