child development

Determining best practices in CBT implementation for pediatric OCD

Youth with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) often experience distressing experiences (for example, unwanted thoughts) which they try to prevent or relieve through obsessive strategies such as repeated hand-washing. Without treatment, OCD tends to remain a problem for youth and makes their lives very difficult.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life for most youth with OCD. However, CBT is a broad term that can include different strategies and exactly which strategies are the best to use has not been carefully studied.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2018

Role of executive functions in parenting behaviours and children’s social functioning in families of children with ADHD

Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have trouble sustaining attention and may also display excessive hyperactivity and impulsivity. A major day-to-day impairment for children with ADHD is in their social relationships with peers. In this area, children with ADHD frequently struggle, and have trouble making and keeping friends as a result. It is important to address these issues early, as social problems increase children’s risk for many negative outcomes including academic failure, aggression and delinquency, substance abuse, and depression and suicide.

Award Type: 
Year: 
2017

The dynamic interplay between women's stress and reproductive axes across reproductive transitions: post-partum amenorrhea, the resumption of ovarian cyclicity and early pregnancy

Stress is often cited as having negative effects on women’s health. Most research, however, does not adequately account for the changes in stress physiology women experience as they transition between key reproductive phases (post-partum amenorrhea, resumption of ovarian cyclicity, and pregnancy). Reproductive function is modulated by the HPG (hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal) axis, while stress response is controlled by the HPA (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal) axis. These two axes overlap and interact in manner a that affects both reproductive function and stress.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2012
Health Category: 

British Columbia Burden of Injury

Injuries are a significant public health problem in BC. Every year about 1,600 British Columbians die due to injury, 42,000 are hospitalized, and an estimated 400,000 people throughout the province sustain some sort of injury. The cumulative effect of injury on a population is known as the burden of injury. Burden of injury data help policy makers and practitioners determine the effectiveness of current services in injury prevention and injury treatment, and provide direction about new interventions that would have the greatest impact.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2008
Health Category: 
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