immune system

Role of TAK1 in resident fibro/adipogenic progenitors. A Key modulator of the inflammatory milieu and a therapeuthic target in chronic diseases

In our aging society, degenerative complications of chronic diseases are on the rise and account for a significant percentage of deaths. Among these, fibrosis is the most common, and yet no therapy capable of mitigating its effects is available. Investigating and understanding the signaling pathways that influence fibrogenic progenitor (FAP) fate will not only elucidate a key component of the regenerative process but may reveal pathways that could be targeted therapeutically to prevent inflammation, fibrosis, and enhance regeneration or maintain muscle homeostasis.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2019

HEARTBiT: A novel multi-marker blood test for management of acute cardiac allograft rejection

Patients receive heart transplants as a life-saving measure after heart failure; thus, ensuring the success of the transplant is of utmost importance. Rejection is a primary cause for heart transplant failure, and consequently, heart transplants are monitored at least 12 to 15 times within the first year of operation. However, current monitoring requires biopsies, a surgical procedure which requires repeated sampling of the heart muscle. This procedure is invasive, expensive, and stressful to patients.

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2019

The role of PCSK9 in clearance of bacterial lipids and the development of anti-PCSK9 treatment for sepsis

Sepsis, which is characterized as an uncontrolled inflammatory response to severe infection, is the leading cause of death in intensive care units. In Canada, sepsis led to a total of 13,500 deaths in 2011, which translates to approximately one in 18 deaths in Canada involving sepsis. Despite this pressing medical need, there are currently no effective treatments for sepsis. 

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2017

IL-37 signaling via SIGIRR: A novel mechanism to suppress intestinal epithelial cell driven inflammation and dysbiosis

Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) suffer bouts of extreme gut inflammation that disrupt the population of bacteria in their intestines. Consequently, IBD patients often have fewer beneficial bacteria and suffer an overgrowth of potentially dangerous bacteria. In healthy individuals, such responses are typically prevented by SIGIRR, a protein made by the cells that line the gut. 

Primary Investigator: 
Award Type: 
Year: 
2017
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